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An initiative of Google and Test-Achats

It's cool to be kind

From bystanders to upstanders

Children practice identifying the four roles of a bullying encounter (the person who bullies, the target of the bullying, the bystander, and the upstander) and what to do if theyʼre a bystander or a target of bullying.

Goals

Identify situations of harassment or bullying online.

Evaluate what it means to be a bystander or upstander online.

Learn specific ways to respond to bullying when you see it.

Know how to behave if you experience harassment.

Let's talk

Why does kindness matter?

Itʼs important to remind ourselves that behind every username and avatar thereʼs a real person with real feelings, and we should treat them as we would want to be treated. When bullying or other mean behavior happens, most of the time there are four types of people involved. 

  • Thereʼs the aggressor, or person(s) doing the bullying. 
  • Thereʼs also someone being bullied – the target. 
  • There are witnesses to what’s going on, usually called bystanders. 
  • There are witnesses to what’s going on who try to positively intervene, often  called upstanders.

If you find yourself the target of bullying or other bad behavior online, here are some things you can do: 

If Iʼm the target, I can… 

  • Not respond. 
  • Block the person. 
  • Report them – tell my parent, teacher, sibling, or someone else I trust, and use  the reporting tools in the app or service to report the harassing post, comment,  or photo.

If you find yourself a bystander when harassment or bullying happens, you have the power to intervene and report cruel behavior. Sometimes bystanders don’t try to stop the bullying or help the target, but when they do, they’re being an upstander. You can choose to be an upstander by deciding not to support mean behavior and standing up for kindness and positivity. A little positivity can go a long way online. It can keep negativity from spreading and turning into cruelty and harm.

If Iʼm the bystander, I can be an upstander by… 

  • Finding a way to be kind to or support the person being targeted. 
  • Calling out the mean behavior in a comment or reply (remember to call out the behavior, not the person), if you feel comfortable with that and think it’s safe to  do so. 
  • Deciding not to help the aggressor by spreading the bullying or making it worse  by sharing the mean post or comment online. 
  • Getting a bunch of friends to create a “pile-on of kindness” – post lots of kind comments about the person being targeted (but nothing mean about the aggressor, because you’re setting an example, not retaliating) . 
  • Reporting the harassment. Tell someone who can help, like a parent, teacher,  or school counselo

Activity

Answers
Answers to “From bystanders to upstanders” worksheet:
  • Scenario 1: B, U, B (because not helping the situation), U, U
  • Scenario 2: U, B, U, U
  • Scenario 3: U, U, B, B, U
  • Scenario 4: The answers are all yours!
Materials needed
  • Handout: “From bystanders to upstanders” worksheet

Read scenarios and categorize responses

After discussing the roles, pass out the worksheet and give your children 15 minutes to read the three scenarios and categorize each response.

Discuss the answers

Before or at the end of the discussion, ask them if they can tell you why it can be nice to have upstanders around at school and online.

Discuss those that were hard to categorize

Ask your children if any of the responses were hard to categorize and why. Have a discussion about that.

Worksheet

So now you know that a bystander can use their powers for good and be an upstander by helping someone out who’s being bullied. Below are three scenarios that are examples of online bullying or harassment. If you want, create a fourth scenario that happened with people you know, and come up with responses that include both upstanding and basic bystanding. Each of the three scenarios already created has a list of responses. Read each response and decide whether it’s what a bystander would do or what an upstander would do, then put a “B” for “bystander” or a “U” for “upstander” in the blank next to the response.

Scenario

A friend of yours dropped her phone by the drinking fountain near the school soccer field. Someone found it and sent a really mean message about another student to a bunch of people on her soccer team, then put the phone back by the drinking fountain. The student who was targeted told your friend she was a terrible person for sending that message, even though she wasn’t the one who sent it. No one knows who sent the mean message.
You...

Scenario

Your teacher created a class blog for language arts, giving the class the ability to write, edit, and post comments. The next day she’s out sick and the substitute doesn’t notice that things are going south in the class blog – someone is posting seriously mean comments about one of the students in the class.
You...

Scenario

There’s an online game that a bunch of your friends play a lot. Usually game chat is mostly about what’s actually happening in the game. Sometimes it gets a little nasty, though that’s usually more like friendly rivalry than anything really bad. But this one time, one player starts saying really nasty stuff about one of your friends who’s playing, and they just won’t stop.
They even keep it up the next day.
You...

Scenario

Create a real-life scenario as a class, based on a situation one of you has heard about, then come up with both bystander and upstander responses to show you definitely know what we’re talking about now!

Takeaway

Whether standing up for others, reporting something hurtful, or ignoring something to keep it from being amplified even more, you have a variety of strategies to choose from depending on the situation. With a little kindness, anyone can make a huge difference in turning bad situations around.

Vocabulary 

Bullying

Purposefully mean behavior that is usually repeated. The person being targeted often has a hard time defending themselves.

Cyberbullying

Bullying that happens online or through using digital devices.

Harassment

A more general term than bullying that can take many forms – pestering, annoying, intimidating, humiliating, etc. – and can happen online too.

Conflict

An argument or disagreement that isn’t necessarily repeated.

Aggressor

The person doing the harassing or bullying; though sometimes called the “bully,” bullying prevention experts advise never to label people as such.

Target

The person being bullied or victimized.

Bystander

A witness to harassment or bullying who recognizes the situation but chooses not to intervene.

Upstander

A witness to harassment or bullying who supports the target privately or publicly, sometimes including trying to stop and/or report the incident they witnessed.

Amplify

To increase or widen participation or impact.

Exclusion

A form of harassment or bullying used online and offline; often referred to as “social exclusion”.

Block

A way to end all interaction with another person online, preventing them from accessing your profile, sending you messages, seeing your posts, etc., without notifying them (not always ideal in bullying situations where the target wants to know what the aggressor is saying or when the bullying has stopped).

Mute

Less final than blocking, muting is a way to stop seeing another person’s posts, comments, etc., in your social media feed when that communication gets annoying – without notifying that person or being muted from their feed (not helpful in bullying).

Anonymous

An unnamed or unknown person – someone online whose name or identity you don’t know.

Trolling

Posting or commenting online in a way that is deliberately cruel, offensive, or provocative.

Report abuse

Using a social media service’s online tools or system to report harassment, bullying, threats, and other harmful content that typically violates the service’s terms of service or community standards.